PUBLICATIONS:
PUBLICATIONS: F.D.
MURTAGH
1. Monographs, Textbooks, Topical Volumes, Edited Conference
Proceedings:
 Zhongheng Zhang, Fionn Murtagh, Sven Van Poucke, editors,
Big Data Clinical Study and Its Implementation with R,
AME Publishing Company, Hong Kong, 2018.
ISBN: 9789887784081.
 F. Murtagh,
Data Science Foundations: Geometry and Topology of
Complex Hierarchic Systems and Big Data Analytics,
Chapman and Hall, CRC Press, 2017.
Book web site.
Datasets and Software Accompanying
This Book.
 C. Hennig, M. Meila, F. Murtagh and R. Rocci, Eds., Handbook of Cluster
Analysis, Chapman and Hall/CRC Press (Taylor and Francis), 2015.
 Starck, J.L., Murtagh, F. and Fadili, J., Sparse Image and
Signal Processing: Wavelets, Curvelets, Morphological Diversity,
Cambridge University Press, 2010.
Book site.
Software, data.
Sparse Image and Signal Processing: Wavelets and Related Geometric
Multiscale Analysis, Cambridge University Press, 2nd edn. Jan. 2016.
Amazon.co.uk
 M. Gettler Summa, L. Bottou, B. Goldfarb, F. Murtagh, C. Pardoux
and M. Touati, Eds.,
Statistical Learning and Data Science,
Chapman & Hall/CRC (Computer Science and Data Analysis series), December 2011.
(Amazon.)
 Murtagh, F., Correspondence
Analysis and Data Coding with R and Java, Chapman and Hall/CRC Press,
2005. Book site.
 Starck, J.L., and Murtagh, F., Astronomical Image and
Data Analysis, SpringerVerlag, 2002. (Hardcover, ISBN
3540428852.)
Book
online.
2006: 2nd edition.
 Starck, J.L., Murtagh, F. and Bijaoui, A., Image Processing and
Data Analysis:
The Multiscale Approach, Cambridge University Press, 1998. (Hardback and
softback, ISBN 0521590841 and 0521599148.)
Book
online.
 F. Murtagh, Ed., Imaging and Vision, Proceedings of the
SPIE, Volume 5823, SPIE, Bellingham, 2005.
 Starck, J.L. and Murtagh, F., Eds., Astronomical Data Analysis II
,
Proceedings of SPIE, Volume 4847, SPIE, Bellingham, 2002.

A. Shearer, F. Murtagh, J. Mahon and P. Whelan, Eds.,
OptoIreland 2002: Optical Metrology, Imaging, and Machine Vision,
Proceedings of SPIE, Volume 4877, SPIE Bellingham, 2002.
 Starck, J.L. and Murtagh, F., Eds., Astronomical Data Analysis,
Proceedings of SPIE, Volume 4477, SPIE, Bellingham, 2001.
 N.D. Black , P.J. McCullagh , B.J. Meenan and F. Murtagh, Eds.,
Sixth Bienial Conference of the European Society for
Engineering and Medicine, 2001, 242 pp.,
ISBN: 1 58603 186 4, IOS Press, Amsterdam.
 Campbell, J. and Murtagh, F., Eds., Proceedings IMVIP 2000 
Irish Machine Vision and Image Processing Conference, Queen's University
Belfast, 2000.
 Murtagh, F., Campbell, J. and Mc Kevitt, P., Eds., Proceedings
Irish Machine Vision and Image Processing Conferences, and Eighth Irish
Conference on Artificial Intelligence, Vols. I, II, University of Ulster,
1997.
 Murtagh, F., Editor, Classification Literature Automated
Search Service. Published by Classification Society of North
America. ISSN 07314043.
Annual bibliographic service, app. 150 pp.
EditorinChief from late 1993. Staff:
one parttime administrator,
St. John's Newfoundland. Formerly printed by Sheridan Press,
Penn. From 1995 on diskette. Now on CD.
 M.C. Maccarone,
F. Murtagh, M. Kurtz and A. Bijaoui, Eds.
Advanced Techniques and Methods for Astronomical Information Handling,
Proceedings of the Sonthofen Conference, 1718 September 1997,
Observatoire de la Côte d'Azur, 1998.
 Murtagh, F., and Heck, A., Editors, Intelligent
Information Retrieval: The Case of Astronomy and Related Space Sciences,
Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, 1993. ISBN 0792322959.
A topical volume, published around the time of the release of the
Mosaic browser. Includes chapters on WAIS, Gopher and preMosaic WWW.
 Heck, A. and Murtagh, F. (Editors), Astronomy from Large
Databases II, European Southern Observatory, Garching,
Conf. & Workshop Proc. 43, ISBN 3923524471, 1993. Approx. 300 pp.
 Würtz, D. and Murtagh, F. (Editors), Parallel Problem Solving
from Nature  Applications in Statistics and Economics, EUROSTAT 
Statistical Office of the EC, Luxembourg, 1992, 192 pp.
 Murtagh, F. (Editor), Neural Networks for Statistical and
Economic Data, EUROSTAT 
Statistical Office of the EC, Luxembourg, 1991, 210 pp.
 Jaschek, C. and Murtagh, F. (Editors), Errors, Bias, and
Uncertainties in Astronomy, Cambridge University Press,
1990. ISBN 05213930000.
 Grosbøl, P., Murtagh, F. and Warmels, R.H. (Editors),
1st ESO/STECF Data Analysis Workshop Proceedings, European
Southern Observatory, Garching, 1989. ISBN 3923524323.
 Murtagh, F. and Heck, A. (Editors), Knowledge Based Systems
in Astronomy, SpringerVerlag, Heidelberg, Berlin, New York, 1989.
ISBN 3 540 51044 3 and 0 387 51044 3.
Topical volume. Includes e.g. influential work on Hubble
Space Telescope scheduling
using a stochastic Hopfieldlike network. A company, Interval Logic,
was subsequently established to market this in the area of
semiconductor chip
production. This company was later acquired by Bostonbased
PRI Automation.
 Murtagh, F. and Heck, A. (Editors),
Astronomy from Large
Databases: Scientific Objectives and Methodological Approaches,
European Southern Observatory, Garching, 1988.
ISBN 3 923524 28 5. Approx. 300 pp.
Conference Proceedings. Represents work on hypertext and
information retrieval, among other topics, which grew into the
Astrophysical Data System, housing the online astronomical
literature.
 Murtagh, F. and Heck, A., Multivariate Data Analysis,
Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, 1987.
Hardbound: ISBN 90 277 2425 3,
Paperback: ISBN 90 277 2426 1,
Software: ISBN 90 277 9154 6.
Reprint: October 1988.
 Murtagh, F., Multidimensional Clustering Algorithms,
PhysicaVerlag, Heidelberg and Vienna, 1985 (ISBN 3 7051 0008 4).
Journal special issues:

Image and Vision Computing, Special Issue, Advances in Representation and
Learning for Big Multimedia Analytics. Manuscript submission: 1 February 2018.
Guest editors: Professor Weifeng Liu, China University of Petroleum (East China); Professor Jun Yu, Hangzhou Dianzi University, China; Professor Fionn Murtagh.

Weifeng Liu, et al., including F. Murtagh, guest editors,
Special Issue: "Advances in Data Representation and Learning for Pattern Analysis",
15 Jan. 2018, Neurocomputing.

Special Issue "Big Visual Data Processing and Analytics",
Journal of Imaging, Guest Editors:
Prof. Dr. Xinmei Tian,
Prof. Dr. Fionn Murtagh, Prof.
Dr. Dacheng Tao. (Submissions closed 30 April 2017.)

Guest Editor of special issue on Computational Psychoanalysis,
International Journal of Cognitive Informatics and Natural Intelligence,
Volume 8, Issue 4, Oct.Dec. 2014.

F. Murtagh has been Guest Editor of a special issue of Journal of
Classification, on Classification and Geometric Data Analysis,
Volume 31, Issue 1, 2014.

Dacheng Tao, Dianhui Wang, Fionn Murtagh, guest editors,
Special Issue on Machine Learning in Intelligent Image Processing,
Signal Processing, Vol. 93, Issue 6, pp. 13991704, June 2013.
Signal
Processing, 93(6), 2013.

* F. Murtagh, J.L. Starck and T. Loredo, guest editors,
Statistical Methodology
on Astronomical Data Analysis,
Volume 9, Issues 12, Pages 1284 (JanuaryMarch 2012).

* F. Murtagh has been a Guest Editor on 3 occasions
for the journal Vistas in Astronomy, for issues on computational
themes.

* F. Murtagh was Guest Editor of a special issue of The
Computer Journal on ``Clustering and Classification'',
Vol. 41, No. 8, 1998.

* F. Murtagh was a Guest Editor with D. Egret
of a special issue of Computer
Physics Communications on "Knowledge Discovery in Astronomy", 2000.
F. Murtagh and D. Egret, Foreword to articles on "From information to
knowledge using astronomical databases", Computer Physics Communications,
127, 175176, 2000.

* F. Murtagh was a Guest Editor of a special issue of Neurocomputing
Letters on "Neural Networks for Satellite and Environmental Data
Modeling and Analysis", Vol. 30, 2000.

* F. Murtagh was Guest Editor with R. Molina,
of a special issue of IEEE Signal Processing
Magazine, March 2001.

* F. Murtagh, Guest editorial preface, International Journal of Cognitive
Informatics and Natural Intelligence, IJCINI, 8 (4), ivv, 2014.
2.
Papers in Refereed Journals and Refereed Volumes:
 F. Murtagh and K. Devlin, "The Development of Data Science: Implications for
Education, Employment, Research, and the Data Revolution for Sustainable Development",
Big Data and Cognitive Computing, 2(2), 14, 2018.
online open access.
 F. Murtagh, "The Geometric Data Analysis and Correspondence Analysis
Platform: New Potential and New Challenges, Including Ethics, of Big Data Analytics",
in C.M. Stuetzer, M. Welker and M. Egger, editors,
Computational Social Science in the Age of Big Data,
Herbert Von Halem Verlag, Cologne, Germany, 2018, pp.188212.
 S. Villena, M. Vega, J. Mateos, D. Rosenberg, F. Murtagh, R. Molina, A.K.
Katsaggelos, "Image superresolution for outdoor digital forensics. Usability and
legal aspects", Computers in Industry, in press, 2018.
 F. Murtagh, "Data Mining and Big Data Analytics: Exploiting Resolution Scale,
Addressing Bias, Having Analytical Focus", International Journal of
Computer & Software Engineering, 3: 127, 2018,
DOI 10.15344/24564451/2018/127,
online open access journal.
 F. Murtagh, M. Orlov and B. Mirkin, "Qualitative Judgement of Research
Impact: Domain Taxonomy as a Fundamental Framework for Judgement of the Quality
of Research", Journal of Classification, 35(1), 528, 2018.
Online first.
Preprint.
 F. Murtagh, discussion contribution in:
P. Allin and D. Hand, "New statistics for old?  Measuring the wellbeing of
the UK", Journal of the Royal Statistical Society, Series A, 180(1),
343, 2017.
 F. Murtagh, "Correspondence Analysis of massive data: key role of resolution scale
of the analysis", Statistica Applicata  Italian Journal of Applied Statistics,
29 (23), 243256, 2017.
This journal issue, open
access, and:
this paper.

F. Murtagh and P. Contreras, "Algorithms for Hierarchical Clustering: An Overview, II",
Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery,
Published Online: Sept. 04 2017, DOI: 10.1002/widm.1219.
 F. Murtagh and M. Farid, "Contextualizing Geometric Data Analysis and Related
Data Analytics: A Virtual Microscope for Big Data Analytics", Journal of
Interdisciplinary Methodologies and Issues in Science, Vol. 3, June 2017.
JIMIS journal's web page.
Also the published article.
 F. Murtagh and G. Iurato,
"Visualization of Jacques Lacan's Registers of the Psychoanalytic Field,
and Discovery of Metaphor and of Metonymy. Analytical Case Study of Edgar
Allan Poe's "The Purloined Letter"", Language and Psychoanalysis, 6(2),
2655, 2017.
Published,
open access

Zhongheng Zhang, Fionn Murtagh, Sven Van Poucke, Su Lin, Peng Lan,
"Hierarchical cluster analysis in clinical research with heterogeneous study
population: highlighting its visualization with R",
Annals of Translational Medicine, 5(4), Feb. 2017.
http://atm.amegroups.com/article/view/13789/pdf
 F. Murtagh and P. Contreras,
"Clustering through high dimensional data scaling: applications and
implementations", Archives of Data Science, Series A, 2(1), 116, 2017.
Article
in issue 2(1) here.

A. Casey, S. Ahmadi and F. Murtagh,
"Exploring the relationship article level metrics with linguistic patterns and
quantities",
Archives of Data Science, Series A, 2(1), 113, 2017.
 F. Murtagh, discussion contribution in: P. Allin and D.J. Hand,
"New statistics for old?  Measuring the wellbeing of the UK",
Journal of the Royal Statistical Society: Series A (Statistics in Society),
180 (1), 343, Jan. 2017.
 F. Murtagh and G. Iurato, "Human behaviour, benign or malevolent:
understanding the human psyche, performing therapy, based on affective
mentalization and MatteBlanco's bilogic", Annals of Translational
Medicine, 4(24), 2016.
Article in this issue.
 F. Murtagh and P. Contreras, "Direct reading algorithm for
hierarchical clustering", Electronic Notes in Discrete Mathematics,
56, 3742, 2016.
 G. Iurato, A. Khrennikov, F. Murtagh,
"Formal foundations for the origins of human consciousness",
pAdic Numbers, Ultrametric Analysis and Applications, 8(4), 249279, 2016.

K. Englmeier, F. Murtagh, "Interaction for Information Discovery Empowering
Information Consumers", Human Computer Interaction, 4, 252262, 2016.
 F. Murtagh, "Sparse pAdic Data Coding for Computationally Efficient and
Effective Big Data Analytics",
pAdic Numbers, Ultrametric Analysis and Applications, 8(3), 236247, 2016.
 F. Murtagh, M. Pianosi, R. Bull,
"Semantic Mapping of Discourse and Activity,
Using Habermas's Theory of Communicative
Action to Analyze Process",
Quality and Quantity, 50(4), 16751694, 2016.
 F. Murtagh and M.J. Kurtz, "The Classification Society's Bibliography over
four decades: History and content analysis", Journal of Classification,
33 (1), 629, 2016.
 F. Murtagh, discussion contribution in:
C. Varin, M. Cattelan, D. Firth, "Statistical Modelling of
Citation Exchange between Statistics Journals" (Read Paper,
Royal Statistical Society, 13 May 2015),
Journal of the Royal Statistical Society A, 179 (1), 163, 2016.

F. Murtagh, discussion contribution in: N. Keiding and T.A. Louis, "Perils and
Potentials of SelfSelected Entry to Epidemiological Studies and Surveys" (Read
Paper, Royal Statistical Society, 12 August 2015),
Journal of the Royal Statistical Society A, 179, (2), 319376, 2016.
 F. Murtagh, A. Ganz,
"Pattern Recognition in Narrative: Tracking Emotional Expression in Context",
Journal of Data Mining and Digital Humanities, vol. 2015 (published
May 26, 2015).
 Y. Wang (U. Calgary), E.T. Rolls (U. Warwick), N. Howard (MIT),
V. Raskin (Purdue U.), W. Kinsner (U. Manitoba and TRLabs), F. Murtagh,
V.C. Bhavsar (U. New Brunswick), S. Patel (London South Bank U.), D. Patel (London
South Bank U.) and D.F. Shell (U. NebraskaLincoln),
"Cognitive informatics: from information revolution to intelligence revolution",
Intl. Jnl. of Software Science and Computation Intelligence, IJSSCI,
7(2), 5271, 2015.
 F. Murtagh, "Pattern recognition of subconscious underpinnings of
cognition using ultrametric topological mapping of thinking and memory",
International Journal of Cognitive Informatics and Natural Intelligence (IJCINI),
8(4), 116, Oct.Dec. 2014.
(Also Guest editor of this Special Issue on Computational Psychoanalysis.)
 F. Murtagh, "Mathematical representations of Matte Blanco's bilogic, based
on metric space and ultrametric or hierarchical topology: towards practical
application", Language and Psychoanalysis, 3(2), 4063, 2014.
Open access.
 F. Murtagh and P. Legendre, "Ward's hierarchical agglomerative clustering
method: Which algorithms implement Ward's criterion?", Journal of
Classification, 31 (3), 274295, 2014.
 S. Bell, F. Murtagh and P. Weathers, Eds.,
C. Agrell, S. Bell, F. Bosco, D. Diamond, J. Emnéus, A.
GuiseppiElie, A. Katusabe, J. Lynch, S. Morse, F.G. Moussy, F. Murtagh,
P.K.R. Nair, P.J. Weathers, "Transdisciplinary Sustainability: The Council
for Frontiers of Knowledge", International Journal of
Transdisciplinary Research, 7(1), 126, 2014.
 F. Murtagh, "The new science of complex systems through
ultrametric analysis: Application to search and
discovery, to narrative and to thinking",
Journal of pAdic Numbers, Ultrametric
Analysis and Applications, vol 5, no. 4, 326337, 2013.
 P. Contreras and F. Murtagh, "Linear time Baire hierarchical
clustering for enterprise information retrieval", International
Journal of Software and Informatics, 6 (3), 363380, 2012.

F. Murtagh, "Ultrametric model of mind, I: Review",
pAdic Numbers, Ultrametric Analysis and Applications, 4, 193206,
2012.
 F. Murtagh, "Ultrametric model of mind, II: Application to text
content analysis",
pAdic Numbers, Ultrametric Analysis and Applications, 4, 207221,
2012.

F. Murtagh and P. Contreras,
"Fast, Linear Time, mAdic Hierarchical Clustering for Search and Retrieval
using the Baire Metric, with linkages to Generalized Ultrametrics, Hashing,
Formal Concept Analysis, and Precision of Data Measurement",
pAdic Numbers, Ultrametric Analysis and Applications,
4, 4556, 2012.
 P. Contreras and F. Murtagh, "Fast, linear time
hierarchical clustering using the Baire metric", Journal of
Classification, 29, 118143, 2012.

F. Murtagh and P. Contreras, "Algorithms for hierarchical clustering:
an overview", Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews:
Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery, 2(1), 8697, 2012.
 F. Murtagh, A. Ganz and J. Reddington, "New methods of analysis
of narrative and semantics in support of interactivity", Entertainment
Computing, 2, 115121, 2011.
 F. Murtagh, "Not Finitude but Countability: Implications of Imagination
Positing Countability in Time",
Kritike, 5(1), 2011.
http://www.kritike.org/journal/issue_9/murtagh_june2011.pdf
 F. Murtagh, M. Spagat and J.A. Restrepo,
"Ultrametric Wavelet Regression of Multivariate Time Series:
Application to Colombian Conflict Analysis",
IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man,
and CyberneticsPart A: Systems and Humans, 41, 254263, 2011.

F. Murtagh and A. Ganz, "La sémantique d'un récit :
état de
l'art et perspectives", La Revue MODULAD, 42, 3644, 2010.
 F. Murtagh, On ultrametric algorithmic information,
Computer Journal, 53, 405416, 2010.
 F. Murtagh,
"The Correspondence Analysis platform for uncovering deep structure in
data and information", Sixth Boole Lecture, Computer Journal,
53 (3), 304315, 2010.
 F. Murtagh, A. Ganz, S. McKie, J. Mothe and K. Englmeier,
"Tag Clouds for Displaying Semantics: The Case of Filmscripts",
Information Visualization Journal,
9, 253262, 2010.
 F. Murtagh, "Intellectual property in publishing and research: open access
in biotechnology, life sciences, and software",
CEPIS UPGRADE, The European
Journal for the Informatics Professional, vol. XI, no. 4, pp. 5064,
Aug. 2010.
 F. Murtagh, P. Contreras and J.L. Starck,
"ScaleBased Gaussian Coverings: Combining Intra and Inter
Mixture Models in Image Segmentation",
Entropy, 11 (3), 513528, 2009.
 Yang Mu, Daching Tao, Xuelong Li and F. Murtagh,
"Biologically inspired tensor features", Cognitive Computation,
1, 327341, 2009.

F. Murtagh, The remarkable simplicity of very high dimensional
data: application to modelbased clustering, Journal of
Classification, 26, 249277, 2009.

D. Zervas, G.J. Nichols, R. Hall, H.R. Smyth, C. Lüthje and F. Murtagh,
SedLog: a shareware program for drawing graphic logs and log data
manipulation,
Computers & Geosciences, 35, 21512159, 2009.

F. Murtagh,
Symmetry in data mining and analysis: a unifying view based on hierarchy,
Proceedings of Steklov Institute of Mathematics, 265, 177198,
2009.
 F. Murtagh, ``From data to the padic or ultrametic model'',
pAdic Numbers, Ultrametric Analysis and Applications, 1,
5868, 2009.
 F. Murtagh,
Between the information
economy and student recruitment: present conjuncture and future prospects,
CEPIS UPGRADE, The European Journal for the
Informatics Professional, vol. IX, no. 5, pp. 5664, Oct. 2008.
 F. Murtagh,
"Origins of modern data analysis linked to the
beginnings and early development of computer science and information
engineering", Electronic Journal for History of Probability and
Statistics, 4 (2), 2008.
 F. Murtagh, A. Ganz and S. McKie,
"The structure of narrative:
the case of film scripts", Pattern Recognition, 42, 302312, 2009.
(See discussion in Z. Merali, "Here's looking at you, kid.
Software promises to identify blockbuster scripts.", Nature, 453,
p. 708, 4 June 2008.)
 F. Murtagh and J.L. Starck,
"Wavelet and curvelet moments for image classification: Application to
aggregate mixture grading", Pattern Recognition Letters,
29, 15571564, 2008.
 H. Wang and F. Murtagh,
A study of the neighborhood counting similarity,
IEEE Transactions on Knowledge and Data Engineering, 20,
449461, 2008.
 F. Murtagh, G. Downs and P. Contreras,
Hierarchical clustering of massive, high dimensional
data sets by exploiting ultrametric embedding,
SIAM Journal on Scientific Computing, 30, 707730, 2008.
 M.J. Fadili, J.L. Starck and F. Murtagh, Inpainting and zooming using
sparse representations, Computer Journal, 52, 6479, 2009.
 H. Hacihabiboglu and F. Murtagh, Perceptual simplification
for modelbased binaural
room auralization, Applied Acoustics,
69, 715727, 2008.
 F. Murtagh, The Haar wavelet transform of a dendrogram, Journal
of Classification, 24, 332, 2007.
 D. Benaouda and F. Murtagh, Neurowavelet approach to timeseries
signals prediction: an example of electricity load and poolprice data,
International Journal of Emerging Electric Power Systems,
8 (2), art. 5, 2007.
Link.
 J.L. Starck, J. Fadili and F. Murtagh,
The undecimated wavelet decomposition and its reconstruction,
IEEE Transactions on Image Processing, 16, 297309, 2007.
 D. Benaouda, F. Murtagh, J.L. Starck and O. Renaud,
Waveletbased nonlinear multiscale decomposition model for electricity
load forecasting, Neurocomputing, 70, 139154, 2006.
 H. Hacihabiboglu and F. Murtagh, An observational study of the
precedence effect, Acta Acustica, 90, 440456, 2006.
 O. Renaud, J.L. Starck, F. Murtagh, Waveletbased combined signal
filtering and prediction, IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man, and
Cybernetics, B  Cybernetics, 35, 12411251, 2005.
 S. Johnstone, P. Contreras, F. Murtagh and P. Sage, Peertopeer
information access and retrieval, RTSI  Revue des Sciences et
Technologies de l'Information, Série ISI  Ingénierie des
Systèmes d'Information, 10, 101122, 2005.
 F. Murtagh, A.E. Raftery and J.L. Starck, "Bayesian inference for
multiband image segmentation via modelbased cluster trees", Image
and Vision Computing, 23, 587596, 2005.
 F. Murtagh, X. Qiao, D. Crookes, P. Walsh, P.A.M. Basheer,
A. Long, and J.L. Starck, "A machine vision appraoch to the grading of
crushed aggregate", Machine Vision and Applications,
16, 229235, 2005.
 F. Murtagh, X. Qiao, P. Walsh, P.A.M. Basheer, D. Crookes and
A. Long, "Grading of construction aggregate through machine vision:
results and prospects", Computers in Industry, 56, 905917, 2005.
 F. Murtagh, "Identifying the ultrametricity of time series",
European Physical Journal B, 43, 573579, 2005.
 A.C. Katsiyannis, F. Murtagh and F. Keenan, Solar Physics, 228 (12),
323338, 2005.
 F. Murtagh, "On ultrametricity, data coding, and computation",
Journal of Classification, 21, 167184, 2004.
 C. Collet and F. Murtagh, "Multiband segmentation based on a
hierarchical Markov model", Pattern Recognition, 37, 23372347,
2004.
 F. Murtagh, J.L. Starck and O. Renaud, "On neurowavelet modeling",
Decision Support Systems, 37, 475484, 2004.
 N.D. McMillan, S.M. Riedel, B. O'Rourke, J. Hammond, G. Doyle,
F. Murtagh, et al., "A flexible data mining toolkit for UVvisible
spectrophotometry, tensiography and signal matching", Chemometrics
and Intelligent Laboratory Systems, in press, 2004.
 F. Murtagh, D. Barreto and J. Marcello, "Decision boundaries using
Bayes factors: the case of cloud masks", IEEE Transactions on Geoscience
and Remote Sensing, 41, 29522958, 2003.
 A.C. Katsiyannis, D.R. Williams, R.T.J. McAteer, P.T. Gallagher,
F.P. Keenan and F. Murtagh,
"Eclipse observations of highfrequency oscillations in active region
coronal loops", Astronomy and Astrophysics, 406, 709714, 2003.
 J.L. Starck, M.K. Nguyen and F. Murtagh, "Wavelets and curvelets for
image deconvolution: a combined approach", Signal Processing,
83 (10), 22792283, 2003.
 J.L. Starck, F. Murtagh, E.J. Candes and D.L. Donoho, "Gray and
color image contrast enhancement by the curvelet transform", IEEE
Transactions on Image Processing, 12, 706717, 2003.
 O. Renaud, J.L. Starck, F. Murtagh, Prediction Based on
a Multiscale
Decomposition, International Journal of Wavelets, Multiresolution
and Information Processing, Vol. 1, No. 2, 217232, 2003.
 F. Murtagh and J.L. Starck,
Quantization from Bayes factors with application to multilevel thresholding,
Pattern Recognition Letters, 24, 20012007, 2003.
Paper.
 M. Köküer, F. Murtagh, N.D. McMillan, S. Riedel,
B. O'Rourke, K. Beverly, A.T. Augousti and J. Mason, "A wavelet, Fourier,
and PCA data analysis pipeline: application to distinguishing mixtures
of liquids", Journal of Chemical Information and Computer Science, 43,
587594, 2003.
 F. Murtagh and J.L. Starck, "Bayes factors for edge detection from
wavelet product spaces", Optical Engineering, 42, 13751382, 2003.
 F. Murtagh, T. Taskaya, P. Contreras, J. Mothe and K. Englmeier,
"Interactive visual user interfaces: a survey", Artificial Intelligence
Review, 19, 263283, 2003.
 M. Farid, F. Murtagh and J.L. Starck, "Computer display control and
interaction using eyegaze", Journal of the Society for Information
Display, 10, 289293, 2002.
 F. Murtagh, M. Louys, J.L. Starck and F. Bonnarel, "Compression of
grayscale scientific and medical image data", CODATA Data Science
Journal,
1, 111127, 2002. Available at: www.datasciencejournal.org.
 F. Murtagh, J.L. Starck and M. Louys,
"Distributed visual information management in astronomy",
IEEE/AIP
Computing in Science and Engineering, 4 (6), 1423, Nov/Dec 2002.
 J.L. Starck, E. Pantin and F. Murtagh,
"Deconvolution in astronomy: a review", Publications of the Astronomical
Society of the Pacific, 114, 10511069, 2002.
 L.M.T. Carvalho, L.M.G. Fonseca, F. Murtagh and J.G.P.W. De Jong,
"Change detection at multiple spatial scales with the aid of multiresolution
wavelet analysis", International Journal of Remote Sensing,
22 (18), 38713876, 2001.
 F. Murtagh and J.L. Starck, "Wavelets and multiscale transforms in
astronomical image processing", in
J. Abello, P.M. Pardalos and M.G.C. Resende, Handbook of Massive Data
Sets, Chapter 13, Kluwer, pp. 473500, 2002.
 F. Murtagh, "Clustering in massive data sets", in
J. Abello, P.M. Pardalos and M.G.C. Resende, Handbook of Massive Data
Sets, Chapter 14, Kluwer, pp. 501545, 2002.
 J. Campbell, F. Murtagh and M. Köküer,
"DataLabJ: A signal and
image processing laboratory for teaching and research", IEEE
Transactions on Education, 44, 329335, 2001.
 E. O'Shea, D. Banerjee, J.G. Doyle, B. Fleck and F. Murtagh,
"Active region oscillations", Astronomy and Astrophysics, 368,
10951107, 2001.
 J.L. Starck and F. Murtagh, "Astronomical image and signal
processing: looking at noise, information and scale", IEEE Signal
Processing Magazine, 18, 3040, 2001.
 J.L. Starck, F. Murtagh, P. Querre and F. Bonnarel, "Entropy and
astronomical data analysis", Astronomy and Astrophysics,
368, 730746, 2001.
 Z. Geradts, J. Bijhold, R. Hermsen and F. Murtagh, "Image matching
algorithms for breech marks and firing pins in a database of spent
cartridge cases of firearms", Forensic Science International,
119, 97106, 2001.
 A. Aussem and F. Murtagh, "Web traffic demand forecasting
using waveletbased multiscale decomposition", International Journal of
Intelligent Systems, 16, 215236, 2001.

F. Murtagh and J.L. Starck, "Multiscale image and data analysis",
in A. Kent and J.G.
Williams, Eds., Encyclopedia of Microcomputers,
Volume 26, Supplement 5, A Kent and JG Williams, Eds.,
pp. 201226, Marcel Dekker, New York, 2001.
 F. Murtagh and J.L. Starck, "New image modeling approaches",
Surveys in Geophysics, 21, 229239, 2000.
 J.L. Starck, A. Bijaoui, I. Valtchanov and F. Murtagh, "A combined
approach for object detection and deconvolution", Astronomy and
Astrophysics Supplement
Series, 147, 110, 2000.
 D. Guillaume and F. Murtagh,
"Clustering of XML documents", Computer Physics Communications,
127, 215227, 2000.
 D. Egret, R.J. Hanisch and F. Murtagh, "Search and discovery tools
for astronomical online resources and services", Astronomy and
Astrophysics Supplement, 143, 137143, 2000.
 Ph. Poinçot, S. Lesteven and F. Murtagh,
"Maps of information spaces:
assessments from astronomy", Journal of the American Society for
Information Science, 51, 10811089, 2000.
 F. Murtagh, J.L. Starck and M. Berry,
"Overcoming the curse of dimensionality in clustering by means of the
wavelet transform", The Computer Journal, 43, 107120, 2000.
 F. Murtagh and J.L. Starck, "Image processing through
multiscale analysis and measurement noise modeling",
Statistics and Computing, 10, 95103, 2000.
 F. Murtagh, G. Zheng, J.G. Campbell and A. Aussem, "Neural network
modeling for environmental prediction",
Neurocomputing Letters, 30, 6570, 2000.
 M. Louys, J.L. Starck and F. Murtagh, "Lossless compression of
astronomical images", Irish Astronomical Journal, 26, 119122, 1999.
 J.L. Starck and F. Murtagh, "Multiscale entropy filtering",
Signal Processing, 76, 147165, 1999.
 M. Louys, J.L. Starck, S. Mei, F. Bonnarel and F. Murtagh,
"Astronomical image compression",
Astronomy and Astrophysics Supplement Series, 136,
579590, 1999.
 G. Zheng, J.L. Starck, J.G. Campbell and F. Murtagh,
"The wavelet transform for filtering financial data streams",
Journal of Computational Intelligence in Finance, 7, 1835, 1999.
 J.G. Campbell, C. Fraley, D. Stanford, F. Murtagh and A.E. Raftery,
"Modelbased methods for realtime textile fault detection",
International Journal of Imaging Systems and Technology,
10, 339346, 1999.
 M. Morehart, F. Murtagh and J.L. Starck,
"Spatial representation of economic and financial measures
used in agriculture via wavelet analysis", International
Journal of Geographic Information Systems, 13, 557576, 1999.
 Hui Wang, D. Bell and F. Murtagh, "Axiomatic approach to feature subset
selection based on relevance", IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and
Machine Intelligence, 21, 271277, 1999.
 S. Mukherjee, E.D. Feigelson, G.J. Babu,
F. Murtagh, C. Fraley and A. Raftery,
"Three types of gamma ray bursts", The Astrophysical
Journal, 508, 314327, 1998.
 A. Aussem and F. Murtagh, "A neurowavelet strategy for Web traffic
forecasting", Journal of Official Statistics, 1, 6587, 1998.
 J.G. Campbell and F. Murtagh, "Automatic visual inspection of
woven textiles using a twostage defect detector", Optical Engineering,
37, 25362542, 1998.
 Murtagh, F., "Wedding the wavelet transform and
multivariate data analysis",
Journal of Classification, 15, 161183, 1998.
 F. Murtagh and T.K. Gopalan, "Input data coding in multivariate data
analysis: techniques and practice in correspondence analysis",
Applied Statistics, 1998, submitted.
 J.L. Starck and F. Murtagh, "Automatic noise estimation from the
multiresolution support", Publications of the Astronomical Society of
the Pacific, 110, 193199, 1998. Online at
http://www.journals.uchicago.edu/PASP/journal
 J.L. Starck, F. Murtagh and R. Gastaud,
"A new entropy measure based on the wavelet transform and noise modeling",
IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems II: Analog and Digital
Signal Processing, 45, 11181124, 1998.
 A. Aussem, J. Campbell and F. Murtagh, "Waveletbased feature
extraction and decomposition strategies for financial forecasting",
Journal of Computational Intelligence in
Finance, 6, 512, 1998.
 Ph. Poinçot, F. Murtagh and S. Lesteven, "A spatial user
interface to the astronomical literature", Astronomy and
Astrophysics Supplement Series, 130, 183191, 1998. Online at
http://www.edpsciences.com/articles/astro/abs/1998/10/ads1464/ads1464.html
 F. Murtagh, J.L. Starck and M. Louys, "Very high quality image
compression based on noise modeling", International Journal of Imaging
Systems and Technology, 9, 3845, 1998.
 F. Murtagh and J.L. Starck, "Pattern clustering based on noise
modeling in wavelet space", Pattern Recognition, 31, 847855, 1998.
 J.G. Campbell, C. Fraley, F. Murtagh and A.E. Raftery, "Linear flaw
detection in woven textiles using modelbased clustering", Pattern
Recognition Letters, 18, 15391548, 1997.
 Aussem, A. and Murtagh, F., ``Combining neural network forecasts on
wavelettransformed time series'', Connection Science,
9, 113121, 1997.
 Murtagh, F., Aussem, A. and Starck, J.L., ``Multiscale data analysis
 information fusion and constanttime clustering'', Vistas in
Astronomy, 41, 359364, 1997.
(Special issue, proceedings of European
Science Foundation workshop, Granada, April 1997, editors R. Molina,
F. Murtagh and A. Heck).
 F. Murtagh, ``Application de l'analyse factorielle et de l'analyse
discriminante à des données colligées pour
être soumises à des réseaux de cellules'',
Les Cahiers de l'Analyse des Données, Vol. XXI, 5374, 1996.
 J.P. Benzécri and F. Murtagh, ``Discrimination des jonctions
entre exon et intron dans les séquences d'acide
désoxyribonucléique'', Les Cahiers de l'Analyse des
Données, Vol. XXI, 133148, 1996.
 Aussem, A., Murtagh, F. and Sarazin, M., ``Fuzzy astronomical seeing
nowcasts with a dynamical and recurrent connectionist network'',
International Journal of Neurocomputing, 13, 353367, 1996.
 Starck, J.L., Murtagh, F., Pirenne, B. and Albrecht, M.,
``Astronomical image compression based on noise suppression'',
Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific,
108, 446455, 1996.
 Murtagh, F., ``Neural networks for clustering'', in P. Arabie, L.J.
Hubert and G. De Soete, eds.,
Combinatorial Data Analysis, World Scientific, New York,
235269, 1996.
 Starck, J.L., Murtagh, F. and Bijaoui, A.,
``Multiresolution support applied
to image filtering and restoration'', Graphical Models and
Image Processing, 57, 420431, 1995.
 Murtagh, F., Starck, J.L. and Bijaoui, A., ``Multiresolution in
astronomical image processing: a general framework'', International
Journal of Imaging Systems and Technology, 6, 332338, 1995.
 Aussem, A., Murtagh, F. and Sarazin, M., ``Dynamical recurrent neural
networks  towards environmental time series prediction'', International
Journal of Neural Systems, 6, 145170, 1995.
 Murtagh, F., Aussem, A. and Sarazin, M., ``Nowcasting astronomical
seeing: towards an operational approach'', Publications of the
Astronomical Society of the Pacific, 107, 702707, 1995.
 Murtagh, F., Starck, J.L. and Bijaoui, A., ``Image restoration with
noise
suppression using a multiresolution support'', Astronomy and
Astrophysics Supplement Series, 112, 179189, 1995.
 Murtagh, F., ``Clustering moderately sized data sets using the Kohonen
map approach'', Statistics
in Transition (Journal of the Polish Statistical Society), 2,
151162, 1995.
 Murtagh, F. and M. HernándezPajares, ``The Kohonen selforganizing
map method: an assessment'', Journal of Classification, 12,
165190, 1995.
 Murtagh, F., ``Interpreting the Kohonen selforganizing feature map
using contiguityconstrained clustering'', Pattern Recognition Letters,
16, 399408, 1995.
 Murtagh, F., ``Contiguityconstrained hierarchical clustering'', in
I.J. Cox, P. Hansen and B. Julesz, eds., Partitioning Data Sets,
DIMACS, AMS, 143152, 1995.
 Aussem, A., Murtagh, F. and Sarazin, M., ``Dynamical recurrent neural
networks and pattern recognition methods for time series prediction:
application to seeing and temperature forecasting in the context of ESO's VLT
Astronomical Weather Station'', Vistas in Astronomy, 38,
357374, 1994.
 Starck, J.L. and Murtagh, F., ``Image restoration with noise
suppression using the wavelet transform'', Astronomy and
Astrophysics, 288, 342348, 1994.
 Bijaoui, A., Starck, J.L. and Murtagh, F., ``Restauration des images
multiéchelles par l'algorithme à trous'', Traitement du Signal,
11, 229243, 1994.
 Murtagh, F., ``Neural networks and related massively parallel methods
in statistics: an overview'',
International Statistical Review, 62, 275288, 1994.
 HernándezPajares, M., Floris, J. and Murtagh, F., ``How tracer objects
can improve competitive learning algorithms in astronomy'', Vistas in
Astronomy, 38, 317330, 1994.
 Andernach, H., Hanisch, R. and Murtagh, F., ``Network resources for
astronomers'', Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific,
106, 11901216, 1994.
 Murtagh, F. and Sarazin, M., ``Nowcasting astronomical seeing: a
study of ESO La Silla and Paranal'',
Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific, 105,
932939, 1993.
 Murtagh, F., ``Cluster analysis using proximities'', in
J. Hampton, R. Michalski, P. Theuns and I. Van
Mechelen, Eds., Categories and Concepts: Theoretical Views and Inductive
Data Analysis, Academic Press, New York, 225245, 1993.
 Feigelson, E.D. and Murtagh, F., ``Public
software for the astronomer: an overview'', Publications of the
Astronomical Society of the Pacific, 104, 574581, 1992.
 Murtagh, F., ``Contiguityconstrained clustering for image analysis'',
Pattern Recognition Letters, 13, 677683, 1992.
 Murtagh, F., ``Comments on: Parallel algorithms for hierarchical
clustering and cluster validity'', IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis
and Machine Intelligence, 14, 10561057, 1992.
 Murtagh, F., ``Multivariate analysis and classification of large
astronomical databases (with discussion)'', in G.J. Babu and E.D. Feigelson
(eds.),
Statistical Challenges in Modern Astronomy, SpringerVerlag, New York,
449474, 1992.
Also: Discussion following ``Bayesian methods of deconvolution
and shape classification'', B.D. Ripley.
 Murtagh, F., ``A new approach to point pattern matching'',
Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific, 104,
301307, 1992.
 Murtagh, F., ``A featurebased O(n^{2}) approach to point pattern
matching'', Proc. 11th International Conference on Pattern Recognition,
Vol. II, IEEE Computer Society Press, New York, 174177, 1992.
 Murtagh, F., ``The multilayer perceptron for discriminant analysis:
two examples'', in M. Schader (ed.), Analyzing and Modeling Data
and Knowledge, SpringerVerlag, 305314, 1992.
 Murtagh, F., ``Multilayer perceptrons for classification and
regression'', International Journal of Neurocomputing, 2,
183197, 1990/1991.
 Murtagh, F., ``Hierarchical tress in Nbody simulations: relations
with cluster analysis methods'', Computer Physics Communications,
52, 1518, 1988.
 Murtagh, F. and Ponz, D., ``Image processing, databases, and
statistical software: the common interface'', Statistical Software
Newsletter, 12, 129132, 1986.
 Murtagh, F. and Heck, A., ``An annotated bibliographical
catalogue of multivariate statistics and of their astronomical
applications'', Astronomy and Astrophysics Supplement Series,
68, 113115, 1986.
 Murtagh, F. and Lauberts, A., ``A curve matching problem in
astronomy'', Pattern Recognition Letters, 4, 465469, 1986.
 Murtagh, F. and Close, J., ``An analysis of the relationships
among computationrelated mathematical skills'', Journal
of Research in Mathematics Education, 17, 112129, 1986.
 Murtagh, F., ``A survey of algorithms for contiguityconstrained
clustering and related problems'', The Computer Journal, 28,
8288, 1985.
 Murtagh, F., ``Complexities of hierarchic clustering algorithms:
state of the art'', Computational Statistics Quarterly, 1,
101113,
1984.
 Murtagh, F., ``Counting dendrograms: a survey'', Discrete Applied
Mathematics, 7, 191199, 1984.
 Murtagh, F. and Raftery, A.E., ``Fitting straight lines to point
patterns'', Pattern Recognition, 17, 479483, 1984.
 Murtagh, F., ``Structures of hierarchic clusterings: implications
for information retrieval and for multivariate data analysis'',
Information Processing and Management, 20, 611617, 1984.
 Murtagh, F., ``A probability theory of hierarchic clustering using
random dendrograms'', Journal of Statistical Computation and
Simulation, 18, 145157, 1983.
 Murtagh, F., ``A survey of recent advances in hierarchical
clustering algorithms'', The Computer Journal, 26,
354359, 1983.
 Murtagh, F., ``Expectedtime complexity results for hierarchic
clustering algorithms which use cluster centres'', Information
Processing Letters, 16, 237241, 1983.
 Murtagh, F., ``A very fast, exact nearest neighbour algorithm for
use in information retrieval'', Information Technology, 1,
275283,
1982.
 Murtagh, F., ``Recherche d'un scalogramme sur les réponses de 1400
élèves à une batterie d'épreuves de mathématique'',
Les Cahiers de
l'Analyse des Données, VI, 297318, 1981.
 Murtagh, F., ``Une question de classifiabilité en classification
automatique dans le cas particulier des rassemblements
documentaires'', Statistique et Analyse des Données, 5,
7789,
1980.
3. Invited Survey and Contributed Articles:
 Chapitre 7, "Stratégie d'analyse à partir d'applications",
Section 7.3, "Analyse du scénario d'un film par Fionn Murtagh",
Section 7.4, "Twitter par Fionn Murtagh", in
Mónica BécueBertaut, Analyse Textuelle avec R, Pratique de la
Statistique, Préface de Ludovic Lebart, Presses Universitaires de Rennes,
2018.

K. Englmeier and F. Murtagh, "What can we expect from data scientists?"
Journal of Theoretical and Applied Electronic Commerce Research, 12(1),
iiv, Jan. 2017.
Online copy.

F. Murtagh, A. Ganz and J. Reddington, "Semantics from narrative:
state of the art and future perspectives", in
M. Gettler Summa, L. Bottou, B. Goldfarb, F. Murtagh, C. Pardoux
and M. Touati, Eds.,
Statistical Learning and Data Science,
Chapman & Hall/CRC, 2011, pp. 91102.

F. Murtagh,
"Ultrametric and generalized ultrametric in logic and in data
analysis",
Horizons in Computer Science Research, Volume 2,
Ed. Thomas S. Clary,
Nova Science Publishers, in press, 2011.

F. Murtagh and P. Contreras, "Hierarchical clustering for finding
symmetries and other patterns in massive, high dimensional datasets",
Chapter 6 in D. Holmes, editor, Data Mining: Foundations and
Intelligent Paradigms, Springer, 95130, 2011.
 F. Murtagh and P. Contreras, "Fast redshift clustering with the Baire
(ultra) metric", in B. Zavidovique and G. Bosco, Eds., Science: Image
in Action, Proceedings of the 7th International Workshop on Data
Analysis in Astronomy "Livio Scarsi and Vito DiGesu'',
World Scientific, pp. 6476, 2012.

F. Murtagh, "Hierarchical clustering",
in Miodrag Lovric, Ed., International Encyclopedia of Statistical
Science, Springer, 2011.

JL Starck, F Murtagh and M Bertero,
Starlet Transform in Astronomical Data Processing: Application
to Source Detection and Image Deconvolution,
chapter, Handbook of Mathematical Methods in Imaging,
Springer, ed. Otmar Scherzer, pp. 14891531, 2011.

D. Rosenberg, M. Lievonen, P. Contreras, F. Murtagh, G. Kuehn and R.
Doerner, Application design of learning grid in computermediated
communication,
in S. Salerno, M. Gaeta, P. Ritrovato, N. Capuano, F. Orciuoli, S.
Miranda and A. Pierri,
The Learning Grid Handbook  Concepts, Technologies
and Applications, IOS Press, 2008, pp. 107123.
 F. Murtagh, "Topological approaches to search and matching in
massive data sets", in V. Di Gesu, G. Lo Bosco and M.C. Maccarone,
Eds., Modelling and Simulation in Science, Proceedings of the 6th
International Workshop on Data Analysis in Astronomy "Livio Scarsi",
World Scientific, 2007, pp. 224233.
 F. Murtagh, "Symbolic dynamics in text:
application to automated construction of concept hierarchies",
in P. Brito, P. Bertrand, G. Cucumel and F. De Carvalho, Eds.,
Selected Contributions in Data Analysis and Classification,
Springer, pp. 299306, 2007.
 E. Pantin, J.L. Starck and F. Murtagh, Deconvolution and blind
deconvolution in astronomy, in P. Campisi and K. Egiazarian, Eds.,
Blind Image
Deconvolution: Theory and Applications, Taylor and Francis,
277316, 2007.
 F. Murtagh, "Neural networks", "Ultrametric inequality",
"Ultrametric trees", articles in Encyclopedia of Statistics in
Behavioral Science, Eds. B. Everitt and D. Howell, Wiley, 2004, in
press.
 F. Murtagh, "Information spaces", in William Sims Bainbridge,
Ed., Encyclopedia of
HumanComputer Interaction, Berkshire, pp. 371376, 2004.
 Molina, R. and
Murtagh, F., "From Images and Signals to Information in Astronomy"
(Foreword to Special Issue: DSP  Digital Signal Processing  Soars into Space),
IEEE Signal Processing Magazine,
18 (2), 2001, 10.
Editorial.
 F. Murtagh, J.L. Starck, N. McMillan and J.G. Campbell,
"Intelligent data modeling based on the wavelet transform and data
entropy", W. Gaul, O. Opitz and M. Schader, Eds., Data Analysis:
Scientific Modeling and Practical Applications, SpringerVerlag, pp.
273284, 2000.
 Murtagh, F., "Foreword to Special Issue on Clustering and
Classification", The Computer Journal,
41, 1998, 517.
 Murtagh, F. and Thiria, S.,
"Presenting the Special Issue on Neural Networks for Satellite and
Environmental Data Modeling and Analysis",
Neurocomputing Letters, 30, 12, 2000.
 Murtagh, F. and Guillaume, D., ``Distributed information search
and retrieval for astronomical resource discovery and data mining'',
in U. Grothkopf, H. Andernach, S. StevensRayburn and M. Gomez, Eds.,
Library and Information Services in
Astronomy III, Astronomical Society of the Pacific,
Conference Series Vol. 153, 1998.
Online version.
 F. Murtagh and J.L. Starck, ``Noise detection and filtering using
multiresolution transform methods'', in Astronomical Data Analysis
Software and Systems VII, ASP Conference Series, Vol. 145, 449456, 1998
Eds., R. Albrecht, R. N. Hook and H. A. Bushouse.
Web version at ecf.hq.eso.org/adass/adassVII
and at www.stsci.edu/stsci/meetings/adassVII in PS, HTML
and PDF.
 Murtagh, F. and Aussem, A., ``Using the wavelet transform for
multivariate data analysis and time series forecasting'', in
Data Science, Classification and Related
Methods, C. Hayashi, H.H. Bock, K. Yajima, Y. Tanaka, N. Ohsumi and Y. Baba,
eds., SpringerVerlag, 617624, 1998.
 Murtagh, F., ``The technologies which underpin electronic publishing'',
A. Heck (Ed.), Electronic Publising in Physics and Astronomy,
Kluwer, 3140, 1997.
 Murtagh, F., ``Cartes de Kohonen:
applications'', in S. Thiria, Y. Lechevallier, O. Gascuel and S. Canu,
Eds., Statistique et Méthodes
Neuronales, Dunod, 223229, 1997.
 Lamb, J., Bell, D., McClean, S., Murtagh, F., Burnhill, P.,
Hatzopoulos, M. and Rutjes, H., ``Using the Internet to analyse
statistical data in a distributed environment'', in W. Klösgen,
Ph. Nanopoulos and A. Unwin, eds., New Techniques and Technologies
for Statistics  II, IOS Press, Amsterdam, 7383, 1997.
 Murtagh, F., ``Contentbased information retrieval: new tools for
textual data, new problems for image data'', in J.E. Dubois and N. Gershon,
eds.,
The Information Revolution: Impact on Science and Technology,
SpringerVerlag, Berlin, pp. 1320, 1996.
 Murtagh, F. and Aussem, A.,
``New problems and approaches related to large
databases in astronomy'', Statistical Challenges in
Modern Astronomy II,
G.J. Babu and
E.D. Feigelson, eds., SpringerVerlag, 123133, 1997.
 Murtagh, F., ``Multivariate methods for data analysis'', in Aa. Sandqvist and T.P. Ray, eds., Central Activity in Galaxies, SpringerVerlag,
Berlin, 1993, 209235.
 Murtagh, F. and Baade, D., ``Quantifying the information or relevance
of astronomical image data'', in A. Heck and F. Murtagh, Eds., Astronomy
from Large Databases II, European Southern Observatory, Garching, 111122,
1992.
 Murtagh, F., ``Cosmic ray discrimination on HST WF/PC images: object
recognitionbyexample'', in D.M. Worrall, C. Biemesderfer and J. Barnes,
Eds., Astronomical Data Analysis Software and Systems I, 265273, 1992.
 Murtagh, F., ``Science networks: a short overview'', in D. Egret and
M. Albrecht, Databases and OnLine Data in Astronomy, Kluwer,
Dordrecht, 225233, 1991.
 Heck, A. and Murtagh, F., ``How can artificial intelligence help
spectral classification?'', in J.E. Hansen, Ed., Atomic Spectra and
Oscillator Strengths for Astrophysics and Fusion Research, NorthHolland,
Amsterdam, 235236, 1990.
 Murtagh, F., ``Multivariate analysis and pattern recognition methods:
a short review and some current directions'', in J.D. Barrow,
A.B. Henriques, M.T.V.T. Lago and M.S. Longair (eds.),
The Physical Universe: The Interface Between Cosmology, Astrophysics
and Particle Physics, SpringerVerlag, 253264, 1991.
 Murtagh, F., ``Large databases in astronomy'', in: A. Kent and J.G.
Williams (eds.), Encyclopedia of Computer Science and Technology,
Vol. 21, Supplement 6, Marcel Dekker, New York and Basel, 205213, 1990.
 Murtagh, F. and Nobelis, Ph. (Strasbourg), ``Statistical software'',
in: C. Jaschek
and F. Murtagh (eds.), Errors, Bias, and Uncertainties in Astronomy,
Cambridge University Press, 1990, pp. 245260.
 Murtagh, F., ``Object detection and analysis in digitised images:
algorithmic components and software structure'', in:
Data Analysis in Astronomy III, V. Di Gesù, L. Scarsi, P. Crane, J.H.
Friedman, S. Levialdi and M.C. Maccarone (eds.), Plenum Press, New York,
1989, pp. 111120.
 Murtagh, F., ``Clustering methods in astronomy'', in:
R. Vichnevetsky, P. Borne and J. Vignes (eds.), Proc. IMACS 1988,
12th World Congress on Scientific Computation, Vol. II, pp. 325330.
 Murtagh, F., ``Data and networks'', in: C. Jaschek and C. Sterken (eds.),
Coordination of Observational Projects in Astronomy,
Cambridge University Press, 1988, pp. 185192.
 Murtagh, F., ``Multivariate analysis methods: background and example'',
in: W.C. Seitter, H.W. Duerbeck and M. Tacke (eds.), Large Scale
Structures in the Universe: Observational and Analytical Methods,
SpringerVerlag, Heidelberg, Berlin and New York, 1988, pp. 308314.
 Murtagh, F., ``Image analysis problems in astronomy'', in:
V. Cantoni, V. Di Gesù and S. Levialdi (eds.), Image
Analysis and Processing II, Plenum Press, New York, 1988, pp. 8194.
 Murtagh, F., ``Classification problems in astronomy'', in: H.H. Bock
(ed.), Classification and Related Methods of Data Analysis,
NorthHolland, Amsterdam, 1988, pp. 2332.
 Murtagh, F., ``Clustering techniques and their applications'', in:
Data Analysis in Astronomy II, V. Di Gesù, L. Scarsi, P. Crane,
J.H. Friedman and S. Levialdi (eds.), Plenum Press, New York, 3143, 1986.
 Murtagh, F., ``Clustering and nearest neighbour searching'',
Informatics 8: Advances in Intelligent Retrieval, ASLIB,
London, 5465, 1985.
4. Papers in Conference Proceedings and
Edited Volumes:
 D. Stamate, W. Alghamdi, D. Stahl, Ida Pu, F. Murtagh, D. Belgrave, R. Murray
and M. di Forti, "Predicting FirstEpisode Psychosis Associated with Cannabis Use
with Artificial Neural Networks and Deep Learning", in: Medina J., OjedaAciego M.,
Verdegay J., Perfilieva I., BouchonMeunier B., Yager R. (eds.) Information
Processing and Management of Uncertainty in KnowledgeBased Systems. Applications,
IPMU 2018. Communications in Computer and Information Science, vol. 855,
Springer, Cham, DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/9783319914794_57
in J. Medina et al., eds.,
IPMU 2018: Information Processing and Management of Uncertainty in KnowledgeBased
Systems. Applications pp. 691702, 2018.
Part of the Communications in Computer and Information Science book series (CCIS, volume 855)
 F. Murtagh, "Big Textual Data: Lessons and Challenges for
Statistics" ("Grandi dati testuali: le lezioni e le sfide per le statistiche"),
SIS 2017, Statistics and Data Science: New Challenges, New Generations,
Proceedings of the Conference of the Italian Statistical Society,
edited by Alessandra Petrucci and Rosanna Verde, Firenze University Press,
2017, pp. 719730.
This proceedings.
(eISBN: 9788864535210)
 K. Englmeier and F. Murtagh, "Data scientist  Manager of the discovery
lifecycle", Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Data Science,
Technology and Applications  Volume 1: DATA, 2017, pp. 133140.
Access.
 F. Murtagh,
"Hierarchical matching and regression with application to photometric
redshift estimation", Astroinformatics, Proceedings of the International
Astronomical Union, Vol. 12, Issue S325, Oct. 2016, pp. 145155. (Published
online, 30 May 2017.)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/S1743921317001569
 F. Murtagh, "Big data scaling through metric mapping: Exploiting the
remarkable simplicity of very high dimensional spaces using Correspondence
Analysis", in F. Palumbo, A. Montanari, M. Vichi, Eds.,
Data Science  Innovative Developments in Data Analysis and Clustering,
Springer, pp. 295306, 2017.
Preprint.
DOI 10.1007/9783319557236_23
 F. Murtagh, "Semantic Mapping: Towards Contextual and Trend Analysis of
Behaviours and Practices", in K. Balog, L. Cappellato, N. Ferro, C. MacDonald,
Eds., Working Notes of CLEF 2016  Conference and Labs
of the Evaluation Forum, Évora, Portugal, 58 September, 2016,
pp. 12071225, 2016. This paper.
This proceedings.
 Lorraine Goeuriot, Josiane Mothe, Philippe Mulhem, Fionn Murtagh, Eric SanJuan,
"Overview of the CLEF 2016 Cultural Microblog Contextualization Workshop",
in Editors: Norbert Fuhr, Paulo Quaresma, Teresa Gonĉalves, Birger Larsen,
Krisztian Balog, Craig Macdonald, Linda Cappellato, Nicola Ferro,
Experimental IR Meets Multilinguality, Multimodality, and Interaction,
7th International Conference of the CLEF Association, CLEF 2016, Évora, Portugal,
September 58, 2016, Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, volume 9822,
pp. 371378, 2016.
 F. Murtagh and P. Contreras, "Linear storage and potentially constant time
hierarchical clustering using the Baire metric and random spanning paths",
in A.F.X. Wilhelm and H.A. Kestler, Eds., Analysis of Large and Complex Data,
2016, pp. 4352.

F. Murtagh and M. Farid, "The structure of argument: Semantic mapping of US Supreme
Court cases",
A. Gammerman, V. Vovk and H. Papadopoulos, Eds,
Statistical Learning and Data Sciences,
Springer Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence (LNAI) Volume 9047, 397405,
2015.
 F. Murtagh and P. Contreras, "Random projection towards the Baire metric for
high dimensional clustering",
A. Gammerman, V. Vovk and H. Papadopoulos, Eds,
Statistical Learning and Data Sciences,
Springer Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence (LNAI) Volume 9047, 424431,
2015.

F. Murtagh, "Pattern recognition in mental processes: determining vestiges of
the subconscious through ultrametric component analysis", in eds. S. Patel, Y. Wang,
W. Kinsner, D. Patel, G. Fariello and L.A. Zadeh, Proc. ICCI*CC 2014, 2014
IEEE 13th Int'l. Conf. on Cognitive Informatics and Cognitive Computing,
pp. 155161, 2014. (Joint organiser and chair of session A5, Computational
Psychoanalysis).
 J. Reddington, F. Murtagh and D. Cowie, "Computational properties
of fiction writing and collaborative work", in
Advances in Intelligent Data Analysis XII,
Lecture Notes in Computer Science Volume 8207, 2013, pp 369379.
 F. Murtagh, "Thinking ultrametrically, thinking padically", in
P. Pardalos, B. Goldengorin and F. Aleskerov, eds.,
Clusters, Orders, Trees:
Methods and Applications, Springer, pp 249272, 2014.
 F. Murtagh, "History of cluster analysis", in J. Blasius and M.
Greenacre,
eds., The Visualization and Verbalization of Data,
CRC/Chapman and Hall, pp. 117133, 2014.
 K. Englmeier, J. Atkinson, J. Mothe, F. Murtagh and J. Pereira,
"A Context Description Language for Medical Information
Systems", in Jong Hyuk Park, H. Adeli, N. Park and I. Woungang, Eds.,
Mobile, Ubiquitous, and Intelligent Computing,
Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering, Volume 274, Springer,
pp 421432, 2014.
 K. Englmeier, J. Mothe, F. Murtagh, J. Pereira and D.
Rosenberg, "The role of natural language in social information engineering",
in IEEE AFRICON 2011 (Livingstone, Zambia), pp. 16, 2011.
 K. Englmeier, J. Pereira, J. Mothe, D. Rosenberg and F. Murtagh,
"Collaboration language for social information engineering", ICAS2011,
Seventh International Conference on Autonomic and Autonomous Systems,
179183, 2011.

J. Pereira, F. Schmidt, P. Contreras, F. Murtagh, H.
Astudillo, "Clustering and semantics preservation in cultural heritage
information spaces", RIAO 2010,
Recherche d'Information Assistée par Ordinateur /
Adaptativity,
Personalization and Fusion of Heterogeneous Information, pp. 100110, 2010.

P. Contreras and F. Murtagh, "Fast hierarchical clustering from the Baire
distance", in H. LocarekJunge and C. Weihs, Eds., Classification
as a Tool
for Research, Springer, 235243, 2010.
 F. Murtagh and A. Ganz, "Semantics from narrative", in S. Bolasco,
I. Chiari and L. Giuliano, Eds., Statistical Analysis of Textual
Data, Proceedings of 10th International Conference JADT Journées
d'Analyse statistique des Données Textuelles, 911 June
2010, Sapienza University of Rome, Vol. 1, pp. 443453,
LED Edizioni Universitarie
di Lettere Economia Diritto, Milan, 2010.
 F. Murtagh, "Ultrametric embedding: application to data fingerprinting
and to fast data clustering",
P.M. Pardalos and P. Hansen, Eds., Data Mining and Mathematical
Programming,
CRM Proceedings & Lecture Notes Vol. 45, American Mathematical Society,
199209, 2008.

K. Englmeier, F. Murtagh and J. Mothe, "Domain ontology: automatically
extracting and structuring community language from texts", Proceedings of
Applied
Computing, IADIS, Salamanca, Spain, February 2007, pp. 5966, 2007.

H. Hacihabiboglu and F. Murtagh, "Perceptionbased
simplification for binaural room auralisation", International Conference
on Auditory Display (ICAD06), pp. 268271, London, UK, 2006.
 F. Murtagh, "Identifying and exploiting ultrametricity", in
R. Decker and H.J. Lenz, Eds., Advances in Data Analysis,
Proc. 30th Annual Conf. German Classification Society, Springer,
263272, 2006.
 F. Murtagh, "From data to the physics using ultrametrics: new results in
high dimensional data analysis", in B. Dragovich, A. Khrennikov, Z. Rakic and
I. Volovich, Eds., Proc. 2nd International Conference on pAdic Mathematical
Physics, American Institute of Physics, 151161, 2006.
 K. Englmeier, J. Mothe and F. Murtagh, "Natural language
expansion of web service interoperability", in
Practical Aspects of Knowledge Management: 5th International
Conference, PAKM 2004, Vienna, Austria, December 23, 2004. Proceedings
Editors: Dimitris Karagiannis, Ulrich Reimer, Lecture Notes in
Computer Science LNCS Vol. 3336 / 2004, p. 441, DOI 10.1007/b104042, 2005.
 F. Murtagh, "Thinking
ultrametrically", in D. Banks, L. House, F.R. McMorris, P. Arabie and
W. Gaul, Eds., Classification, Clustering, and Data Mining Applications,
Springer, 314, 2004.
 F. Murtagh, "Quantifying ultrametricity", in J. Antoch, Ed.,
COMPSTAT 2004: Proceedings in Computational Statistics, Springer,
15611568, 2004.
 Tao, Feng, F. Murtagh and M. Farid, "Weighted
association rule mining using weighted support and significance
framework", in Proceedings of The Ninth ACM SIGKDD International
Conference on Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining (ACM SIGKDD 2003), pp.
661666, Washington DC, 2003.
 J.L. Starck, Mai Nguyen and F. Murtagh, "Deconvolution based on the
curvelet transform", Proc. ICIP  International Conference on Image
Processing, Barcelona, 2003.

Feng Tao, F. Murtagh and M. Farid, "Mining Associations in Weighted
Support and Significant Framework", accepted, to appear in the
proceedings of the Ninth ACM SIGKDD International Conference on Knowledge
Discovery and Data Mining (ACM SIGKDD 2003), Washington, DC, USA.

P. Jancovic, M. Kokuer and F. Murtagh,
"Reliabilitybased estimation of the number of noisy features:
application to modelorder selection in the union models", in
Proc. ICASSP  IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and
Signal Processing, SPEECHP.27, pp. I416  I409, 2003.
 M. Farid and F. Murtagh,
"Eyemovements and voice as interface modalities to computer systems",
in: OptoIreland 2002: Optical Metrology, Imaging, and Machine Vision.
Eds. A. Shearer, F.D. Murtagh, J. Mahon, and P.F. Whelan.
Proceedings of the SPIE, Volume 4877, pp. 115125, 2003.
 D. Barreto, F. Murtagh and J. Marcello,
Bayesian segmentation and clustering for determining cloud mask images",
in: OptoIreland 2002: Optical Metrology, Imaging, and Machine Vision.
Eds. A. Shearer, F.D. Murtagh, J. Mahon, and P.F. Whelan.
Proceedings of the SPIE, Volume 4877, pp. 144155, 2003.
 M. Kokuer, F. Murtagh, A.T. Augousti, J. Mason, and N.D. McMillan,
"Wavelet and
entropybased feature extraction: application
to distinguishing mixtures of beverages", in: OptoIreland 2002:
Optical Metrology, Imaging, and Machine Vision.
Eds. A. Shearer, F.D. Murtagh, J. Mahon, and P.F. Whelan.
Proceedings of the SPIE, Volume 4877, pp. 175182, 2003.
 P. Contreras, M. Kokuer, M. Louys and F. Murtagh,
"Semantic description of signal and image databases", in: OptoIreland 2002:
Optical Metrology, Imaging, and Machine Vision.
Eds. A. Shearer, F.D. Murtagh, J. Mahon, and P.F. Whelan.
Proceedings of the SPIE, Volume 4877, pp. 230237, 2003.
 M. Farid, F. Kurugollu and F. Murtagh,
"Adaptive wavelet eyegazebased video compression", in: OptoIreland 2002:
Optical Metrology, Imaging, and Machine Vision.
Eds. A. Shearer, F.D. Murtagh, J. Mahon, and P.F. Whelan.
Proceedings of the SPIE, Volume 4877, pp. 255263, 2003.
 F. Murtagh, X. Qiao, D. Crookes, P. Walsh, P.A.M. Basheer and A. Long,
"Benchmarking segmentation results using a Markov model and a Bayes
information criterion", in: OptoIreland 2002:
Optical Metrology, Imaging, and Machine Vision.
Eds. A. Shearer, F.D. Murtagh, J. Mahon, and P.F. Whelan.
Proceedings of the SPIE, Volume 4877, pp. 248254, 2003.
 X. Qiao, F. Murtagh, D. Crookes, P. Walsh, P.A.M. Basheer and A. Long,
"Machine vision methods for the grading of crushed aggregate",
in: OptoIreland 2002:
Optical Metrology, Imaging, and Machine Vision.
Eds. A. Shearer, F.D. Murtagh, J. Mahon, and P.F. Whelan.
Proceedings of the SPIE, Volume 4877, pp. 264270, 2003.
 J. Campbell, F. Murtagh and M. Kokuer,
"Graduate and professional development in imaging and optical
signal processing and related fields", in:
OptoIreland 2002: Optics and Photonics Technologies and Applications,
Eds. W.J. Blau, J.F. Donegan, A.F. Duke, B.D. MacCraith, J.A.
McLaughlin, N.D. McMillan, G.M. O'Connor, E. O'Mongain and V. Toal,
Proceedings of the SPIE, Volume 4876, pp. 13121320, 2003.

H. Hacihabiboglu, B. Günel B, and F. Murtagh, ``Wavelet based spectral
smoothing for headrelated transfer function filter design'', in Proc. AES
22nd Conf. on Virtual, Synthetic and Entertainment Audio, pp. 131136, Espoo,
Finland, 2002.
 F. Murtagh, C. Collet, M. Louys and J.L. Starck,
in J.L. Starck and F. Murtagh, Eds.,
Astronomical Data Analysis II, SPIE Proceedings Volume 4847,
"Multiresolution filtering and segmentation of multispectral images",
pp. 354361, 2002.
 F. Murtagh, C. Donalek, G. Longo and R. Tagliaferri,
"Bayesian model selection for spatial clustering in 3D surveys",
in J.L. Starck and F. Murtagh, Eds.,
Astronomical Data Analysis II, SPIE Proceedings Volume 4847,
pp. 391401, 2002.
 T. Daubos and F. Murtagh,
"Highquality still images from video frame sequences", in
Z. Geradts and L.I. Rudin, Eds., Investigative Image Processing II,
Proceedings of the SPIE, Volume 4709, pp. 4959, 2002.
 M. Köküer,
J. Campbell, F. Murtagh and J.L. Starck, "Wavelet and
entropybased data modelling", Sensors and Their Application XI,
Ed. K.T.V. Grattan and S.H. Khan, IOP Press, 2001, pp. 215220.
 M. Köküer,
J. Campbell and F. Murtagh, "DataLabJ; a signal and image
processing laboratory", Sensors and Their Application XI,
Ed. K.T.V. Grattan and S.H. Khan, IOP Press, 2001, pp. 409415.
 Z. Geradts, J. Bijhold, R. Hermsen and F. Murtagh, "Matching
algorithms using wavelet transforms for a database of spent
cartridge cases of firearms", Proceedings SPIE, Vol. 4232, pp. 545552,
2001.
 F. Murtagh, M. Louys, J.L. Starck, F. Bonnarel and M. Farid,
"Ondemand delivery of large compressed images in astronomy: computational
requirements", in J.L. Starck and F. Murtagh, Eds., Astronomical
Data Analysis, Proc. SPIE Vol. 4477, SPIE: Bellingham, pp. 151160, 2001.
 M. Farid and F. Murtagh, "Vessel tracking in digital retinopathy
using wavelet correlation and percolation clustering",
in A.C. Winstanley, Ed., IMVIP 2001, Proceedings of the Irish
Machine Vision and Image Processing Conference, NUI Maynooth, 2001, pp.
3742.
 M. Kokuer, M. Farid, F. Murtagh, J.L. Stark and W. Wicken,
"Ocean feature analysis based on subband filtering",
in A.C. Winstanley, Ed., IMVIP 2001, Proceedings of the Irish
Machine Vision and Image Processing Conference, NUI Maynooth, 2001, pp.
166172.
 M. Farid, F. Murtagh, M. Louys and J.L. Starck,
"Compression and delivery for the support of distributed image
databases",
in A.C. Winstanley, Ed., IMVIP 2001, Proceedings of the Irish
Machine Vision and Image Processing Conference, NUI Maynooth, 2001, pp.
249252.
 F. Tao, P. Contreras, B. Pauer, T. Taskaya and F. Murtagh,
"User interest correlation in log data", Usability Evaluation and
Interface Design: Cognitive Engineering, Intelligent Agents and
Virtual Reality, Volume 1 of HCI 2001 International Conference
on Human Computer Interaction, Eds. M.J. Smith, G. Salvendy,
D. Harris, and R.J. Koubek, New Orleans, LA, August 2001,
Lawrence Erlbaum, Mahwah, NJ, pp. 938942,
2001.
 T. Taskaya, P. Contreras, F. Tao and F. Murtagh, "Data visualization
for large datasets", Usability Evaluation and
Interface Design: Cognitive Engineering, Intelligent Agents and
Virtual Reality, Volume 1 of HCI 2001 International Conference
on Human Computer Interaction, Eds. M.J. Smith, G. Salvendy,
D. Harris, and R.J. Koubek, New Orleans, LA, August 2001, Lawrence
Erlbaum, Mahwah, NJ, pp. 913917, 2001.
 F. Tao and F. Murtagh, "Towards knowledge discover from WWW log
data", IEEE International Conference on Information Technology: Coding
and Computing , Las Vegas, March 2000, pp. 302307, 2000.
 E. O'Shea, D. Banerjee, J.G. Doyle, B. Fleck and F. Murtagh,
"Active region oscillations", forthcoming in Helio and Asteroseismology
at the Dawn of the Millennium,
Special Publication SP464, European Space Agency, 2000.
 T. Daubos, Z. Geradts, J.L. Starck, J. Campbell and F. Murtagh,
"Automated waveletbased image addition: application to surveillance
video", in P.F. Whelan, Ed., IMVIP'99  Irish Machine Vision and Image
Processing Conference 1999, Dublin City University,
1525, 1999.
 G. Zheng, J. Campbell and F. Murtagh, "Information fusion of model
and observed data for missing data imputation in oceanography", in
P.F. Whelan, Ed., IMVIP'99  Irish Machine Vision and Image
Processing Conference 1999, Dublin City University, 228237.
 F. Murtagh, J.L. Starck and M.W. Berry, "Constanttime clustering
for highdimensional data", in Proc. Japanese Classification Society
Annual Meeting, 1999.3.20, Institute of Statistical Mathematics,
Tokyo, 120, 1999.
 F. Murtagh, "Data mining, statistics and data science", in
ISM Symposium: Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery in Data Science,
Y. Baba et al., Eds., Institute of Statistical Mathematics, 112, 1999.
 M. Morehart, F. Murtagh and J.L. Starck,
"Multiresolution spatial analysis", Proceedings Geo Computation 99.
Link to paper in online proceedings.
 F. Murtagh and J.L. Starck, ``A new entropy measure based on multiple
resolution and noise modeling'', in
D. Mehringer, R. Plante and D. Roberts, eds.,
ADASS'98, Astronomical Data Analysis and Software Systems VIII,
Astronomical Society of the Pacific, 1999, 403407.
 D.R. Guillaume and F. Murtagh, "An application of XML and
XLink using a graphpartitioning method and a density map
for information retrieval and knowledge discovery", in
D. Mehringer, R. Plante and D. Roberts, eds., ADASS'98,
Astronomical Data Analysis and Software Systems VIII,
Astronomical Society of the Pacific, 1999, 278282.
 Y. Bi and F. Murtagh,
``The roles of statistical metadata and XML in structuring and
retrieving statistical information'', in
Ph. Nanopolous, P. Garonna and C. Lauro, Eds.,
Proceedings NTTS'98, International Seminar on New Techniques and
Technologies for Statistics, Eurostat, Luxembourg, 1998, pp. 7378.
 M. Morehart, F. Murtagh, J.L. Starck and Y. Bi,
``Spatial data analysis using the wavelet transform: representation of
economic and financial measures in agriculture'', in
Ph. Nanopolous, P. Garonna and C. Lauro, Eds.,
Proceedings NTTS'98, International Seminar on New Techniques and
Technologies for Statistics, Eurostat, Luxembourg, 1998, pp. 339344.
 F. Murtagh, G. Zheng, J. Campbell,
A. Aussem, M. Ouberdous, E. Demirov, W. Eifler, M. Crepon,
``Data imputation and nowcasting in the environmental sciences using
clustering and connectionist modeling'',
Compstat'98, R. Payne and P. Green, Eds.,
SpringerVerlag, 1998, pp. 401406.
 F. Murtagh, A. Aussem, J.L. Starck, J.G. Campbell and G. Zheng,
``Waveletbased decomposition methods for feature extraction and
forecasting'', in Proceedings OESIIMVIP'98, Optical Engineering
Society of Ireland and Irish Machine Vision and Image Processing Joint
Conference, D. Vernon, Ed., NUI Maynooth, 1998, pp. 5567.
 J. Campbell, F. Murtagh and A. McCaughey,
``DataLabJ: a Java based signal and image processing laboratory'',
J. Campbell, F. Murtagh and A. McCaughey, Proc. ISSC'98, Irish
Signals and Systems Conference, DIT, Dublin, June 2526, 1998, in press.
 F. Murtagh, J.L. Starck and M. Berry,
``Clustering based on wavelet transform: applications to point pattern
clustering and to highdimensional data analysis'', in A. Rizzi, M.
Vichi and H.H. Bock, Eds., Advances in Data Science and Classification,
(invited presentation, IFCS98 International Federation of Classification
Conferences Biennial Conference, Rome, 1998),
SpringerVerlag, 5764, 1998.
 G. Zheng, S.
Rouxel, A. Aussem, J. Campbell, F. Murtagh, M. Ouberdous, E. Demirov, W.
Eifler and M. Crépon, ``Forecasting of ocean state using satellitesensor
data'', in Proceedings of the Ocean Data Symposium, Dublin 1997,
B. Cahill, Ed., Irish Marine Data Centre, Marine Institute, 1998, abstract
p. 23 of hardcopy book, full article on CD proceedings.
 H. Wang, D. Bell, F. Murtagh,
``Axiomatic approach to feature subset selection based on
relevance'',
to appear in Feature Extraction, Construction and Selection
 A Data Mining Perspective, Kluwer.

J.L. Starck, F. Murtagh, and R. Gastaud, ``Entropy estimation from noise
modeling applied to signal
restoration'', First International Conference on Information
Communications
and Signal Processing, Singapore, 912 September, 1997.
 J.L. Starck, F. Murtagh and R. Gastaud, ``Signal entropy
estimation from noise modeling'',
in V. Di Gesù, M.J.B.Duff, A. Heck, M.C.
Maccarone, L. Scarsi and H.U. Zimmermann, Eds.,
Data Analysis in Astronomy,
(Proc. 5th Workshop, Ettore Majorana Centre for Scientific Culture,
Erice, Italy, 27 October  3 November 1996), 345352, World Scientific, 1997.
 J.G. Campbell, A.A. Hashim and F. Murtagh,
``Flaw detection in woven textiles using spacedependent Fourier
transform'',
In F.J. Owens, Ed., ISSC '97, Irish Signals and Systems
Conference, University of Ulster, June 1997, pp. 241252, 1997.
 Starck, J.L. and Murtagh, F., ``High quality astronomical image compression'',
Vistas in Astronomy, 1997, in press.
(Special issue, proceedings of European
Science Foundation workshop, Granada, April 1997, editors R. Molina,
F. Murtagh and A. Heck).
 Wang, H., Bell, D. and Murtagh, F., ``Feature subset selection based on
relevance'', Vistas in Astronomy, 1997, in press.
(Special issue, proceedings of European
Science Foundation workshop, Granada, April 1997, editors R. Molina,
F. Murtagh and A. Heck).
 Lesteven, S., Poinçot, P. and Murtagh, F., ``Neural networks and
information extraction in astronomical information retrieval'', Vistas
in Astronomy, 40, 395400, 1996.
F. Murtagh was a Guest Editor for this special issue on ``Strategies and
Techniques for Information in Astronomy''.
 Murtagh, F., Aussem, A. and Kardaun, O.J.K.,
``The wavelet transform in multivariate
data analysis'', COMPSTAT'96, A. Prat, Ed.,
PhysicaVerlag, 1996, pp. 397402.
 Murtagh, F., Starck, J.L., Honoré, P.F. and Zeilinger, W.,
``Multiresolution transforms for
object detection and for image transmission'',
Vistas in Astronomy, 40, 595602, 1996.
 Accomazzi, A., Murtagh, F. and Rasmussen, B.F., ``Information retrieval
tools and techniques'', Vistas in Astronomy, 39, 235241, 1995.
F. Murtagh was a Guest Editor for this special issue on ``LISAII 
Library and
Information Services in Astronomy II''.
 Murtagh, F., ``Computer networking in astronomy'', in Databases
and Online Data in Astronomy II, M. Albrecht and D. Egret, eds.,
Kluwer, Dordrecht, 235241, 1995.
 Murtagh, F., ``Unsupervised catalog classification'', in D. Shaw,
H. Payne and J. Hayes, eds., Astronomical Data Analysis Software
and Systems IV, Astronomical Society of the Pacific, 264267, 1995.
 Starck, J.L., Murtagh, F. and Bijaoui, A., ``Multiresolution and
astronomical image processing'', in D. Shaw,
H. Payne and J. Hayes, eds., Astronomical Data Analysis Software
and Systems IV, Astronomical Society of the Pacific, 279288, 1995.
 Starck, J.L., Murtagh, F. and Louys, M., ``Astronomical image
compression using the pyramidal median transform'', in D. Shaw,
H. Payne and J. Hayes, eds., Astronomical Data Analysis Software
and Systems IV, Astronomical Society of the Pacific, 268271, 1995.
 Murtagh, F., Zeiliger, W., Starck, J.L. and Bijaoui, A., ``Object
detection using multiresolution analysis'', in D. Shaw,
H. Payne and J. Hayes, eds., Astronomical Data Analysis Software
and Systems IV, Astronomical Society of the Pacific, 260263, 1995.
 Starck, J.L., Murtagh, F. and Bijaoui, A.,
``Image restoration with noise suppression using a wavelet transform and a
multiresolution support constraint", in
Image Reconstruction and Restoration,
SPIE Proceedings Vol. 2302, Eds. T.J.
Schulz and D.L. Snyder, 1994, SPIE, Bellingham WA, pp. 132143
 Murtagh, F., ``Search algorithms for numeric and quantitative data'',
in A. Heck and F. Murtagh, eds., Intelligent Information Retrieval:
The Case of Astronomy and Related Space Sciences, Kluwer, Dordrecht,
1993, 2847.
 Murtagh, F. and Sarazin, M., ``Nowcasting astronomical seeing and
forecasting telescope environment for the ESO VLT'', in
T. Subba Rao and
M.B. Priestley, Eds.,
Applications of Time Series Analysis in Astronomy and Meteorology,
Chapman And Hall, 1997, 320328.
 Starck, J.L. and Murtagh, F., ``RichardsonLucy image restoration
with noise suppression based on the wavelet transform'',
5th ESO/STECF Data Analysis Workshop, 1993, 99104.
 Murtagh, ``Classification: astronomical and mathematical overview'',
in H.T. MacGillivray et al. eds.,
Astronomy from WideField Imaging, Proc.
IAU Symposium 161, Kluwer, Dordrecht, 1994, 227233.
 Murtagh, F., ``Prospects for contentbased image retrieval'', in
P.J. Grosbøl and R.C.E. de Ruijsscher, Eds.,
5th ESO/STECF Data Analysis Workshop, 1993, 213218.
 Starck, J.L., Murtagh, F. and Bijaoui, A., ``Image restoration with
denoising, using multiresolution'', Proc. Image Restoration Workshop,
R.J. Hanisch, ed., STScI, 111117, 1994.
 Ortolani, S. and Murtagh, F., ``Stellar photometry on HST images:
CM diagrams'', in P. Benvenuti and E. Schreier, Eds., Science with
the Hubble Space Telescope, European Southern Observatory, Garching, 1992,
437442.
 Murtagh, F., Sarazin, M. and Adorf, H.M., ``Using ancillary data to
improve astronomical observing: forecasting of telescope thermal environment
and of seeing'', in A. Heck and F. Murtagh (Eds.), Astronomy from
Large Databases II, European Southern Observatory, Garching, 1992,
393398.
 Murtagh, F. and Feigelson, E.D., ``A short review of sources of public
domain software'', in D. Worrall, C. Biemesderfer and J. Barnes, Eds.,
Astronomical Data Analysis Software and Systems I, 1992, 4951.
 Murtagh, F. and Baade, D., ``Quantifying the information or
relevance of a spectrum'', in P.J. Grosbøl and R.C.E. de Ruijsscher, Eds.,
4th ESO/STECF Data Analysis Workshop,
European Southern Observatory, Garching, 1992, 8390.
 Adorf, H.M., Hook, R.N., Lucy, L., and Murtagh, F.,
``Accelerating the RichardsonLucy restoration algorithm'', in P.J.
Grosbøl and R.C.E. de Ruijsscher, Eds.,
4th ESO/STECF Data Analysis Workshop, European Southern
Observatory, Garching, 1992, 99103.
 Murtagh, F., Sarazin, M., and Adorf, H.M., ``Prediction of
telescope thermal environment and astronomical seeing'', in M.H. Ulrich, Ed.,
Progress in Telescope and Instrumentation Technologies, European
Southern Observatory, Garching, 1992, 377380.
 Murtagh, F. and Adorf, H.M., ``Detecting cosmic ray hits on HST
WF/PC images using neural networks and other discriminant analysis
approaches'',
in V. Di Gesù, L. Scarsi, R. Buccheri, P. Crane, M.C. Maccarone and H.U.
Zimmermann (eds.) Data Analysis in Astronomy IV, Plenum
Press, New York, 103111, 1992.
 Murtagh, F. and Adorf, H.M., ``Detecting cosmic ray hits on HST
WF/PC images'', in P. Grosbol et al. (eds.), 3rd ESO/STECF Data Analysis
Workshop, European Southern Observatory, 1991, 5156.
 Murtagh, F., ``A short survey of neural networks for forecasting and
related problems'', in F. Murtagh, Ed.,
Neural Networks for Statistical and Economic
Data, proceedings, Statistical Office of European Communities, Luxembourg,
1991, 8793.
 Murtagh, F., ``Analyzing Hubble Space Telescope Data'', The Irish
Astronomical Journal, 20, 184187, 1992.
 Murtagh, F., ``Multivariate analysis'', in R.A. Vaughan (ed.),
Pattern Recognition and Image Processing in Physics, Adam Hilger,
Bristol, pp. 167204, 1991.
 Murtagh, F., ``Linear regression with errors in both variables: a short
review'', in C. Jaschek
and F. Murtagh (eds.), Errors, Bias, and Uncertainties in Astronomy,
Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1989, pp. 385391.
 Ortolani, S. and Murtagh, F., ``Comparison of photometric packages'',
in P. Grosbøl, F. Murtagh and R.H. Warmels (eds.), Proceedings,
1st ESO/STECF Data Analysis Workshop, European Southern Observatory,
Garching, 1117, 1989.
 Murtagh, F. and Warmels, R.H., ``Test image descriptions'',
in: P. Grosbøl, F. Murtagh and R.H. Warmels (eds.), Proceedings,
1st ESO/STECF Data Analysis Workshop, European Southern Observatory,
Garching, 310, 1989.
 Murtagh, F., ``Neural network algorithms and multivariate data analysis
methods: a short comparison'', in: A. Heck (ed.), Artificial Intelligence
Techniques for Astronomy, Strasbourg Observatory, 2339, 1989.
 Adorf, H.M. and Murtagh, F., ``Clustering based on neural
network processing'', in: D. Edwards and N.E. Raun (eds.),
COMPSTAT 1988, PhysicaVerlag, Heidelberg, 1988, pp. 239244.
 Murtagh, F., Heck, A. and Rampazzo, R.,
``Classification of IUE spectra: a rule based approach'', in: A. Heck and
F. Murtagh, KnowledgeBased Systems in Astronomy, SpringerVerlag,
Heidelberg and New York, 1989, 161167.
 Murtagh, F., ``Multivariate analysis'', in: D. Benest (ed.),
Traitement de l'Information: Méthodes et Concepts,
SFSA, Paris, 1989, 119139.
 Murtagh, F., ``Multivariate analysis methods'', in G. Longo and
G. Sedmak (eds.) Acquisition, Processing and Archiving of Astronomical
Images, OACFORMEZ, Naples, 1990, pp. 255270.
 Murtagh, F., ``Scientific databases: a review of current issues'',
Strasbourg Data Centre Bulletin, No. 34, 1988, pp. 333.
 Rampazzo, R., Heck, A., Murtagh, F. and
Albrecht, R., ``Rule based classification of IUE spectra'',
in: F. Murtagh and A. Heck (eds.), Astronomy from Large
Databases, European Southern Observatory, Garching, 1988, pp.
227232.
 Ponz, D. and Murtagh, F., ``MIDAS tables: present status
and future evolution'',
in: F. Murtagh and A. Heck (eds.), Astronomy from Large
Databases, European Southern Observatory, Garching, 1988, pp.
441446.
 Murtagh, F., ``A clusterbased strategy for determining nearest
neighbours'', in: Classification as a Tool of Research, W. Gaul
and M. Schader (eds.), NorthHolland, Amsterdam, 339344, 1986.
 Murtagh, F., ``Multivariate statistics in astronomy'', COMPSTAT
1986, Short Communications and
Posters, Università ``La Sapienza'', Rome, 304, 1986.
 Murtagh, F. and Ponz, D., ``Multivariate data analysis
in astronomy'', Proceedings of Fourth International Symposium on
Data Analysis and Informatics, INRIA, Versailles, 4144, 1985.
 Murtagh, F., ``A review of fast techniques for nearest neighbour
searching''. In Havranek et al. (eds.), COMPSTAT 84,
PhysicaVerlag, Vienna, 143147, 1984.
 Murtagh, F., ``An empirical study of coefficients for measuring the
structure of hierarchic classifications''. In Diday et al. (eds.),
Data Analysis and Informatics III, Elsevier, Amsterdam, 385393,
1984.
 Murtagh, F., ``Une théorie probabiliste de la classification
hiérarchique''. In Ch. Perruchet (ed.), Actes des Journées
de Classification,
CNET, Paris, 337348, 1983.
 Murtagh, F., ``Deriving a partition from a dendrogram: a combinatorial
approach''. In Caussinus et al. (eds.), COMPSTAT 82, Part 2,
PhysicaVerlag, Vienna, 199200, 1982.
 Murtagh, F., ``Fondements théoriques de la classification ascendante
hiérarchique sous contrainte de contiguïté''. In Lerman (ed.),
Actes des Journées de Classification, IRISA, Rennes, 177191,
1982.
 Murtagh, F., ``Verifying examination results: a general approach'',
SIGCSE Bulletin 14, 211, 1982.
5. Popularization Papers, Book Reviews, and
WideCirculation Newsletter Articles (a selection only):
 "Meet the Professor, Prof. Fionn Murtagh: clinical and all medical practice,
and the health context, the major benefits and some challenges of Big Data science",
Nikki Ling, Journal of Medical Artificial Intelligence, 16, 03 August 2018.
JMAI journal.

Dacheng Tao, Dianhui Wang, Fionn Murtagh,
"Machine learning in intelligent image processing" (Special Issue editorial),
Signal Processing, vol. 93, Issue 6, pp. 13991400, June 2013.

L. Accardi, B. Dragovich, M.O. Katanaev, A.Yu. Khrennikov,
V.V. Kozlov,
S.V. Kozyrev, F. Murtagh, M. Ohya, V.S Varadarajan, and V.S. Vladimirov,
"Igor V. Volovich", pAdic Numbers, Ultrametric Analysis and
Applications,
4 (1), 14, 2012.
 F. Murtagh, Discussion of: Treelets  an adaptive multiscale
basis for sparse unordered data,
Annals of Applied Statistics,
2, 472473, 2008.
 F. Murtagh, review of: Brigitte Le Roux and Henry Rouanet,
Geometric Data Analysis, From Correspondence Analysis to Structured
Data Analysis, Kluwer, Dordrecht, 2004, Journal of Classification,
25, 137141, 2008.
 F. Murtagh, review of Multiple Correspondence Analysis and Related
Methods, by M. Greenacre and J. Blasius, for Psychometrika, 72,
275277, 2007.
 F. Murtagh and M. Farid, review of book Pattern Classification
by R.O. Duda, P.E. Hart and D.G. Stork, for Journal of Classification,
18, 273275, 2001.
 F Murtagh, J Keating, S Bergin, C Harper, G McParland and M Farid,
The Evolution of Telecom Technologies: Current Trends and NearFuture
Implications, Report for The Centre for Cross Border Studies, 76 pp.,
February 2001.
 Murtagh, F., review of book Integration of Natural Language
and Vision Processing, Vol. IV, Recent Advances, P. Mc Kevitt, ed., Kluwer,
1996, in Metascience, 7, 483485, 1998.
 Murtagh, F., review of book Machine Learning, Neural and
Statistical Classification, D. Michie, D.J. Spiegelhalter and C.C. Taylor,
eds., Ellis Horwood, in Journal of Classification, 14, 185188, 1997.
 Murtagh, F., Starck, J.L. and Durand, D.
``New results in astronomical
image compression'', Information Systems Newsletter (JPL, NASA),
Vol. II 1996,
Issue 39, pp. 3032.
 Starck, J.L. and Murtagh, F., ``Multiresolution image analysis using
wavelets  recent results'', Bulletin of the American Astronomical
Society, 26, 1994, 10031005.
 Murtagh, F., Zeilinger, W.W., Starck, J.L. and Böhnhardt,
``Detection of faint extended structures by multiresolution wavelet
analysis'', ESO Messenger, No. 73, 1993, 3739.
 Murtagh, F. and Adorf, H.M., ``Astronomical literature publicly
accessible online: a short status report'', ESO Messenger, No. 72,
1993, 4547.
 Murtagh, F., ``Astronomical data handling: windows of opportunity and
of challenge'', ESO Messenger, 1992, No. 70, 1992, 7176.
 Murtagh, F., review of book Pattern Recognition: Statistical,
Structural and Neural Approaches, R. Schalkoff, Wiley, 1992, in
Journal of Classification, 9, 1992, 302304.
 Adorf, H.M. and Murtagh, F., ``HST image restoration: a short overview'',
IAPR (International Association for Pattern Recognition) Newsletter,
vol. 14, no. 2, 710, 1991.
 Murtagh, F., review of books Adaptive Pattern Recognition and Neural
Networks, Y.H. Pao, AddisonWesley, 1989, and M. Zeidenberg,
Neural Networks in Artificial Intelligence, Ellis Horwood, 1990,
in Journal of Classification, 8, 115119, 1991.
 Murtagh, F., review of book Parallel Processing and Artificial
Intelligence, M. Reeve and S.E. Zenith (eds.), Wiley, 1989,
in Journal of Classification, 7, 151152. 1990.
 Murtagh, F., review of ThreeWay Scaling and Clustering,
P. Arabie, J.D. Carroll and W. DeSarbo, Journal of the American
Statistical Association, 86, 252.
 Murtagh, F., review of book Data, Expert Knowledge and
Decisions, W. Gaul and M. Schader (eds.), SpringerVerlag, 1988,
in Journal of Classification, 6, 129132, 1989.
 Rampazzo, R., Heck, A. and Murtagh, F.,
``Classification of IUE spectra: a rulebased approach'',
The ESA Journal, 12, 385394, 1988.
 Murtagh, F., ``The European Southern Observatory: into its
second quarter century'', The Irish Astronomical Journal,
18, 236247.
 Murtagh, F., ``Conference report: Astronomy from Large Databases:
Scientific Objectives and Methodological Approaches'',
SIGMOD Record, 17, June 1988, pp. 108111.
 Murtagh, F., Review of book Combinatorial Heuristic Algorithms
with Fortran, SpringerVerlag, 1986 in Journal of Classification,
5, 1988, 138139.
 Murtagh, F., Heck, A., and Di Gesù, V.,
``Strengthening research links between astronomy/astrophysics and
computing/statistics'', The Messenger No. 47, 2324, 1987.
 Murtagh, F., ``A guide to computer communications and data networks for
astronomers'', Strasbourg Data Centre Bulletin, No. 31, 1986,
pp. 89119.
 Murtagh, F., Review of book Cluster Dissection and Analysis:
Theory, Fortran Programs, Examples (H. Späth, Ellis Horwood)
Biometrics 42, 224, 1986.
 Murtagh, F., Review of book New Methods in Data Analysis and
Applications (Janssen et al., NorthHolland) Journal of
Classification 2, 288290, 1985.
 Murtagh, F., Discussion following ``Statistical modelling of
teaching styles'', Aitkin et al., Journal of the Royal Statistical
Society A, 144, 1981.
 Murtagh, F., ``The 15th London International Youth Science
Fortnight'', The Irish Times [national newspaper], 29.8.1973.
 Miscellaneous articles:

F. Murtagh. "Hierarchical Clustering" (version 5). StatProb: The
Encyclopedia Sponsored by Statistics and Probability Societies. Freely
available at http://statprob.com/encyclopedia/HierarchicalClustering.html

F. Murtagh, "Correspondence analysis", SciTopics,
http://www.scitopics.com/Correspondence_Analysis.html, 2010.

Editorials, Computer Journal: vol. 41, p. 517, 1998;
vol. 43, p. 251, 2000; vol. 45,
p. 259, 2002; vol. 46, p. 227, 2003; vol. 49, pp. 134135, 2006;
in press, 2008.

J.L. Starck, F. Murtagh and F. Bonnarel, "Multiscale entropy for semantic
description of images and signals", 2000.
http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/summary?doi=10.1.1.34.8612.
Presentation at BMVA (British Machine Vision Association) and RSS (Royal Statistical
Society) Study Group in Statistical Image Analysis and Processing, 5 April 2000.
MultiResolution and Multiscale Methods in Image Processing.

Articles (image compression and other topics) in Science Information
Systems Newsletter, JPL, NASA (Issue 38, 1996; Issue 39 late 1996).

Many articles in STECF Newsletter, three times per year,
newsletter of Space Telescope  European Coordinating Facility, Munich.
1985 to 1996. Various articles in ESO Messenger.

Editor, Software Column, CSNA Newsletter, quarterly
newsletter of Classification Society of North America. Approx. 19881992.

First editor, Newsletter of International Federation of
Classification Societies. Issues 1 to 8, Autumn 1991 to Spring 1994.
Twiceyearly, typically 8 pages per issue.

Software contributions editor,
International Journal of Neurocomputing (Elsevier), approx.
1993 to 1995.

Setup and maintenance of various WWW sites (e.g. http://ecf.hq.eso.org,
http://www.eso.org, etc., the latter on two continents, Europe and South America,
the official web site of the European Southern Observatory,
from 1993 onwards, and ftp and gopher sites
before then).
Owner of various listserv and Majordomo lists.

A quotation by me, following my information dissemination work
on the ShoemakerLevy 9 comet collision into Jupiter in 1994.
Comet Explodes on Jupiter  and the Web, by Editor, Michael Potel,
and Assistent Editor, Karen Whitehouse, IEEE Computer Graphics and
Appiocations, November 1994, pages 1213.
"The SL9 [ShoemakerLevy 9] event contributed
in a major way to putting the Intemet/Web/
Mosaic indelibly into the minds of astronomers and the
interested public," said Fionn Murtagh of the European
Southern Observatory. "In July [astronomical data
sharing] was very open  very democratic  and the
Web made this possible."